Brattleboro History


Comapny I Leaving For Mexico, Thursday, June 22, 1916, Capt. Ernest W. Gibson.jpg

Company I Leaving For Mexico, Thursday, June 22, 1916

Capt. Ernest W. Gibson, 1st Vermont Infantry


Thomas St. John


Links To Main Articles


Civil War Camp, Brattleboro, 1861, 1st Vermont Volunteers, Photographer George Harper Houghton.jpg

First Vermont Volunteers Camp At Brattleboro 1861

George Harper Houghton, Photographer, In Detail


Civil War Hospital presents extensive photographs and details Brattleboro life during the War of the Rebellion. Here are the barracks, the first winter's mutiny, the quinine in the soup, patient lists, the womens' soldier relief, and the military exhibition at the Town Hall.


HospitalGuards'Quarters,Chapel,AssistantSurgeons'Quarters.jpg

Civil War Hospital

Officer Of The Guards Quarters, Chapel, Assistant Surgeons' Quarters

Corner Atwood And Sunny Acres, High School Grounds


Also the accidents, the pest house, the backgammon board, the medicinal cherry rum brandy recipe, the postal service, the chapel, the library, the sword presentation to the surgeons, drawings, maps, soldiers' and officers' records and speeches, the Invalid Corps on the Common on the long wooden benches, and the great achievements on "Hospital Hill".


VermontRecord,April18,1865,LincolnAssassination,Headline.jpg


Service For Abraham Lincoln is the complete text for the highly-charged, lyrical service given at the Centre Congregational Church by Rev. George Palmer Tyler for the fallen President, along with articles that describe the cannon-fire, and how Brattleboro looked in mourning that April 1865.


Centre Congregational Church, 1880, Twelve Fifteen O'Clock.jpg

Centre Congregational Church

SethSmith's1774-1775House,Brattleboro.jpg

Seth Smith's House, From The West


Seth Smith's House describes the familiar landmark on Western Avenue, now possibly threatened---and the Smith grist mill, and the first road and bridge across the Whetstone Brook there. Seth Smith was a Minute Man during the Revolution and a Yorkist afterwards. Ethan Allen came this way.


Seth Smith's niece was Chloe Smith, Mrs. Rutherford Hayes, the grandmother of President Rutherford Birchard Hayes. Seth Smith's grandson was Jedediah Smith, the famed mountain man and explorer in the West, who was killed by Comanche lances on May 27, 1831.


Fort Dummer Site Map

William St. John


William St. John, Fort Dummer Site Map With Later Dwellings.jpg

Showing Farms, Brooks, Roads, Stone Walls

Land Records Citations


The Fort Dummer Site is a wonderful introduction to how the Fort Dummer area has looked and changed over the years.


Fort Dummer Site, Colonel John Hunt Farm, Cotton Mill Hill, Simon Brooks Farm.jpg

Colonel John Hunt Farm, Cotton Mill Hill, Simon Brooks Farm

View From New Hampshire Across Connecticut River


LeviGoodenoughHouse,1784,SouthSide.jpg

Levi Goodenough Farm


The Levi Goodenough Farm is an architectural treasure on the Goodenough Road in West Brattleboro, built in 1783, and never wired for electricity. Rev. Hosea Ballou, 2d preached sermons in its large attic for the early Brattleboro Universalists. The writer H. P. Lovecraft visited Arthur H. Goodenough there during 1927-1928 and his house was the setting for the classic horror tale "The Whisperer in Darkness".


TheBrattleboroProvisionalStamp,1846.jpg

Engd by Thos. Chubbuck, Bratto


The Brattleboro Stamp describes Dr. Frederick N. Palmer---music teacher, dentist with his office immediately south of the post office in Hall's Long Building, then the Brattleboro postmaster beginning in 1845, who invented the famous provisional 1846 stamp, and finally, a life-long homeopathic physician.


The scores for six waltzes that Frederick N. Palmer composed and published in 1844 are presented here. They still await the local musical artist who is willing to perform an arrangement for piano or violin that is simple, elegant, musically truthful and above all, respectful to the good doctor and craftsman who created them.


William A. Conant Violins concerns the violin maker, master craftsman who lived on Canal Street for so long at his labor, who was taught first by cabinetmaker Anthony Van Doorn, then by John Woodbury, and finally praised by the great Remini, concert violinist. Learn more about William Conant violins and cellos.


JohnWoodburyCello.JPG

Woodbury Cello


John Woodbury Violins describes the craftsman of the bass, double bass viols, and violins in Brattleboro, who instructed the young William A. Conant.


Richard Wagner's Estey Organ has rarely seen engraving insets showing the Estey Organ Company in the centennial year 1876, when Estey shipped a custom-made organ to the Bayreuth composer for his Ring of the Nibelungen cycle.


Woman In Black At James Fisk Monument.jpg

Woman In Black At Monument To James Fisk, Jr.


Brattleboro Epitaphs is a collection of over two hundred epitaphs, with their inscriptions, and photographs from the Prospect Hill Cemetery, Locust Ridge, Meetinghouse Hill Cemetery, Glen Street (Old Village), and the Mather Street cemeteries.


Our stonecutters are Ebenezer Soule, Sr. and his son Ivory Soule from Hinsdale, New Hampshire, Henry Ide and George H. Ide, John and Henry Locke, Ebenezer Janes, Stephen Risley, Jr., and Nathaniel Kittredge.


All the inscriptions here are recorded accurately for the first time---the spellings, the precise lining, the chiselling errors, and the superscripts, as, Feby, Esqr, Daur, and ye & the inevitable yt---


In Memory of Mrs
Susanna Butterfield the wife
of Benjamin Butterfield Esqr
She Departed this life Novemr
Ye 29 1776 in the 48th
Year of her Age --
She was born in Sept ye 22d 1729


WinifredHadleySeamstress.jpg


Winifred Hadley was a well-liked young seamstress who died at age seventeen, of typhoid fever, while attending school in Boston. The Brattleboro monument depicts her sitting pensively over her piecework.


Stephen Risley's Tombstones concerns the stonecutter who came from East Hartford, Connecticut in 1806 with his wife Polly, to conduct an engraving shop on the Turnpike (Western Avenue) at the corner by the North and South Mill-Road (Meadowbrook Road).


The Lost Cemetery On High Street is the account of the 1891 discovery of the abandoned burying ground for the Church and Whipple families.


The Brattleboro Retreat Cemetery gives the story of Sarah Culy, who died in 1854 after composing an epitaph based upon the Book of Job for chiselling into her rare soapstone gravestone, which has now been destroyed. The gravestone is here for Pvt. Henry C. Dawson, 10th Vermont Infantry, who died in 1906.


SalisburyBuilding,AmericanHouse,1907,PostCard.jpg

The Old Brick Row And The American House In 1907


William Fessenden's Brattleboro Bookstore And Circulating Library follows the large two-and-a-half story brick building from its erection in 1810 on Main Street just north of the former Stephen Greenleaf homestead site and the American House, through its years as the "Brick Row" with its prominent merchant tenants, to its last days as the "Salisbury Block" and its destruction in April 1924. Thomas Chubbuck's March 1848 engraving of the Brick Row is here.


Mammoth Tusk took three weeks of research to prove the location of the discovery in September 1865 on what is now called Solar Hill or Harris Hill. The "smoking gun" was a reference in the land records to "Blake's pasture", and the presence of white quartz intrusions in the blue limestone on the site north of Western Avenue.


Photographer,J.W.Prouty,PortraitJohnW.Phelps.jpg

Gen. John Wolcott Phelps

Jason W. Prouty Cabinet Card


Gen. John Wolcott Phelps can make any historian ponder "the strange mutability of human affairs". An immensely likable, and equally influential man, John W. Phelps lived in a Greek Revival house, one door north from the High School, which he called "The Lindens".


John Phelps sold "The Lindens" on July 13, 1882 to School District No. 2, and it then served as the Intermediate school for eighty or ninety students until it was removed, beginning in May 1884---lock, stock, and barrel---to where it stands today on the south side of Grove Street. Henry Burnham purchased the main parts of the old high school and set them down for a tenement, along the north side of Grove Street.


Rev. Jedediah Stark, the long-time serving pastor for the First Congregational Church in West Brattleboro, spoke with his congregation throughout the 1820's. His entirely forgotten history of the early settlement of Brattleboro begins in 1768 with the description of an Indian dance ring, poles, and fireplaces at a location near Cedar Street.


Wantastiquet In Winter.jpg


Wantastiquet History And Mine Mountain shows many new sides to that old rocky eminence across the Connecticut River. The furious mash-fed boar that escaped from the Thomas farm out the Putney road that gave the name to the mountain's cascading Hog Brook. The description of Wantastiquet in the summer of 1827 by Temperance Tidy, the seventh daughter of an early settler.


Rattlesnakes On Wantastiquet presents the reptiles and their rocks and rattles and oil for medicinal application, and Charles C. Frost's discourse on Chesterfield Mountain.


JohnThomasEnglishMaltHouse25February1803.jpg

Brattleboro Reporter February 25. 1803


The John Thomas Farm lay along the Putney Road south from Black Mountain Road. Good English malt brewed here two hundred years ago.


The Rutherford Hayes Tavern, is in West Brattleboro at the old road to Marlboro, with mine hostess Chloe Smith Hayes and Polly her daughter.


WestRiverRoad,Summer,1911,PorterThayer.jpg

West River Road

Photograph 1911 By Porter C. Thayer

Used By Permission From Porter Thayer Collection - University Of Vermont


East Village Society Law Suit is a letter written by a legal authority for the March 29, 1834 Independent Inquirer newspaper, detailing the four Vermont Supreme Court precedents which were brought against the Church on the Common---removing completely and forever all church claim to the Brattleboro Common.


MainStreet,SummerTraffic.jpg

Dentist Sign, Irritated Horse


Reminiscences is Henry Burnham's series of twelver articles published in the Vermont Phoenix starting in March 1866. These articles are half way between Burnham's first lecture in February 1858 for the benefit of the Episcopal Church fund, and his final lively book, "Brattleboro, Windham County, Vermont. Early History, with Biographical Sketches of some of its Citizens" (Brattleboro: Published By D. Leonard, 1880).


Island Toll House After Connecticut River Bridge Washout In 1869.jpg

After The Connecticut River Flood In 1869

John L. Putnam's Toll House


The Abigail White Whipping concerns the most famous incident in Newfane, Vermont history. From the Newfane Hill gaol, she was taken to the whipping post in August 1808. Less known is the fact that sympathetic local women, including the Windham County Sheriff's wife, helped to literally "save her skin", despite Abigail's passing counterfeit money for the Stephen Trask gang out of Keene, New Hampshire.


The Rev. William Wells Farm is described in detail by a traveller passing by in 1796. The house was built by Colonel Samuel Wells in 1773. It later served as a summer lodging for the Brattleboro Retreat's women patients.


Connecticut River Bridge 1804 gathers the scattered sources that describe the first bridge from Brattleboro across to Hinsdale, and its disastrous dedication ceremony, and its speechifying local magnates.


_____________________________________________________________________________


BrooksLibrary,RedAzelea.jpg

The Brooks Library 1905


Old Brooks Library - Brattleboro Free Library


The Old Brooks Library was an American-style library that stood on the west side of Main Street until it was torn down on June 4, 1971.


It is especially important to remember a time when the local library was truly professional, honest, decent, and law-abiding---a place for genuine learning that securely housed Brattleboro's historical records, books, and treasures.


The old Brooks Library did not serve any dishonest and hostile political agenda, complete with the "Five Year Plan", nor did it ever target for outsourcing, all of the major historic collections that it kept in trust for the Town of Brattleboro, or to fragment, disappear, or cannibalize the collections entrusted to it, or to give well-placed "gifts" for the benefit of special friends and superior "citizens".


"This is a benefit; is this a bribe?"


The old Brooks Library did not collaborate with that predatory and uncontrolled group masquerading as a genuine local "historical society" acting like any backstreet "chop shop", or as a private auction house without ethics in pilfering cases of nineteenth-century artifacts from the local Town Clerk's office.


These cases contained West Brattleboro Society notices, the extensive Brattleboro Academy files, land records, an original handwritten charter, early town tax grand lists, company letterheads, bills, stamped envelopes, and the lengthy, red-wax sealed James Elliot - Aaron Burr correspondence from 1804.


The greatest advantage for the correct enforcers here in this particular swindle lies not in the fairly negligible damage done to Aaron Burr scholarship, and not even in the capturing of a fine trophy for collectors and "experts", but rather in destroying the chance for all students and researchers to find in this small attic corner of Brattleboro history, any worth, pride, or joy in discovery.


The old Brooks Library did not approve this group finessing access, with the connivance of a superior, secretive, politically correct, and all-wise minority inside the Christian membership, to the local church funds, bequests, historical ledgers, colonial Bibles, the Mrs. Sarah Goodhue family Bible, and antique sets now in several private collections, or missing.


The old Brooks Library did not constantly commit acts of "vandalization through restoration"---such as the grotesque, barbaric destruction by scissors and razor blades, of thousands upon thousands of rare and irreplaceable antique newspapers upwards of one hundred and fifty years old.


Newspapers in perfect condition, or with only slight, superficial, and negligible acidification---an entirely natural process---were never consigned to the butcher's block under this or any other convenient false pretext, or dismissed as useless "duplicates", with the resulting ugly slashed mess callously called "the scraps" and sent to total destruction.


When the original Friday, July 2, 1880 Windham County Reformer was slashed to pieces and dropped in the wastebasket, with the razor blade left lying out on the local history room table, the old Brooks Library would have summarily dismissed the perpetrator.


Sixty years ago, workers in Brattleboro history did not make sport with relics in impromptu and physically destructive games, such as shuffleboard in the Municipal Building hallway, or play wastepaper bucket basketball repeatedly with the 1840's antique taken from the Brattleboro museum, or perform "hang the wash", and other exotic treatments. Musical chairs games were not played with antiques in order to facilitate their silent disposal or sale.


Nor were historic things defaced and permanently damaged with excessive, unnecessary, inappropriate, and crude use of abrasive household cleansers, heat, paint, opaque tape, scissors, stickers, lead pencils, and large ink stamps, and careless folding. Scrawling large numbers on the autographed flyleaf of Jacob Estey's personal Bible was never a possibility.


Statuary was not smashed, then later sprayed with experimental, permanently yellow-staining chemicals. Interior and exterior architecture was not wantonly, needlessly drilled. Book bindings were not broken and antique patinas were not completely stripped away. Unique eighteenth-century documents that were taken from the Town Clerk's office were not handled with heavy coffeecake grease-soaked fingers.


There was no misinformation provided concerning the colonial Seth Smith house on Western Avenue. No misleading photographs were published and promoted in the real estate brochure for West Brattleboro's historic Levi Goodenough farm.


The lack of moral red lights in the Brattleboro history arena has produced some strange and repeated practices far beyond common sense, has subjected all to the debilitating effects of petty bookkeepers, and has rewarded the collectors who fail to appreciate the true worth of historic objects, beyond any simple value as political trophy, toy, or treasure trove.


The old Brooks Library did not exploit local churches, nor did it accept and inappropriately spend any funds derived from any bequest that specifically designated as the beneficiary, another library in a local church. This library did not allow the covert removal of twenty or thirty antique Bibles from its large collection. The Eighth Commandment was respected at all times.


The old Brooks Library understood that moral standards and objective truth exist. This helped librarians to work in an atmosphere of trust. All was open and completely accessible---the Loud Collection, its records, and especially its strictly accurate, stable, and published accession lists, and the minutes of all the Trustees' Meetings which concerned these things.


The old Brooks Library never enforced any arrogant, hidden, and hate-driven political agenda. There was no systematic political or religious censorship, shoddy "surveys", unwarranted encouragement of library patron informers, or repulsive gong-show style trivia contests in mockery of genuine learning effort. There was no jeering, anti-Christian pornography.


The old Brooks Library did not set foxes to guard the chickens, let alone the entire henhouse. There were no brutally ignorant and ugly, desecrating attacks made on local history, honesty, and Christian sensibility and traditions by any culture masters.


The Historical Society of Windham County's museum at Newfane will hopefully defend itself more skillfully than Brattleboro has so far, as these predators begin to range more widely for forage. Hopefully Newfane will be spared from being slowly hollowed out from inside by the re-accessioning, ransacking, and relentlessly hostile looting game played by the "citizens" who have decreed local history to be incorrect, not sustainable, and fit for silent liquidation.


The sacking of the old Brooks Library building, and the subsequent preying mantis-like steady feeding on its remains, are now accomplished, and only the triumphant third act remains. Brattleboro still needs to protect its own local history. Will it finally recognize the destructive excesses made by these cultural Marxist prodigies? Will Brattleboro always wring its hands and say?


Let the black flower blossom as it may.


It is important to remember, or only just to imagine, the old Brooks Library that truly respected Brattleboro history and its traditions---to remember, in the hopes that in the future such a library may one day be established again, called possibly, as formerly, the "Brattleboro Free Library", worthy of its name, and our trust.


_____________________________________________________________________________


Charles H. Eddy, Grocer, Afri Kolao Advertisement, June 1906.jpg

Charles H. Eddy, Grocery, Flat Street, June 1906 Advertisement


_____________________________________________________________________________


AlexanderJenkins,RevereHouseStableHand,1870.jpg

Vermont Record And Farmer, May 27, 1870.

"There are few men on the street who will not miss his ready hands and ready wit."

Vermont Phoenix, June 22, 1877.


Brattleboro Black History


Black History In Brattleboro is Anne Dempsey's "Special to the Reformer" series in six parts during February 1994. Here are the forgotten black residents---the first black landowner, fugitive slaves, barbers, the women, the soldiers. There is an array of enjoyable research here.


James Frost Mansion, Frost Meadows, Shoemaker Shop, Flat Street.jpg

Frost Mansion On Flat Street

Charles C. Frost's Shoemaker's Shop And Slave Safe House


Fugitive Slaves On Flat Street concerns the only reliably documented station on the Underground Railroad in Brattleboro. Charles C. Frost sheltered roughly forty fugitive slaves at his house and shoe shop on the south side of Flat Street, successfully concealing his activity even from friends for two decades.


SidneyJackson,VermontRecordAndFarmer,October14,1868.jpg

Vermont Record And Farmer, October 14, 1868.


John G. Sugland worked in Brattleboro as a woodcutter along the railroad tracks after serving with the Massachusetts 54th Infantry (Colored) in the Civil War, helping Gen. William T. Sherman's march through South Carolina. Private Sugland's letter written on May 20, 1864 from Charleston, South Carolina to Addison Whithead in Vernon, Vermont is here.


Jacob Cartledge escaped on the Underground Railroad from cruelty in Georgia, then enlisted for three years as a private in the 43rd Pennsylvania Regiment. Jake came to Brattleboro in 1879, chopped wood, and worked for the Barrows Coal Company.


Andrew Johnson Reed met Col. John S. Tyler and Assistant Surgeon George F. Gale of Brattleboro in Virginia.


Alexander And Sally Turner established his Journey's End homestead after escaping from the Virginia plantation of John Gouldin, serving in the First New Jersey Cavalry as assistant cook and hospital orderly, and raising his great family in Grafton.


Elliot Street Chapel Riot 1837 concerns the disruptions at the Church on the Common chapel which was built three years before, and now stands on Spring Street.


FireDepartmentDischarge,1869.jpg

Vermont Phoenix, May 28, 1869.


_____________________________________________________________________________


Lucy Hariot Booth, View Towards The Village.jpg

View Towards The Village


Lucy Hariot Booth is the American Impressionist painter from Townshend, Vermont, who studied with Theodore Robinson, and later lived a short distance up the hill from the old Harmonyville covered bridge.


_____________________________________________________________________________

NathanielHawthorne.jpg

Nathaniel Hawthorne


Nathaniel Hawthorne created two famous literary villains, both modelled upon two very prominent men resident in Brattleboro, Dr. Robert Wesselhoeft and more importantly, Judge Royall Tyler.


This is my own historical research, which is always completely independent, based upon common sense and respect, never upon academic fantasy and destructive political agendas, local or otherwise.


Links to http://www.hawthornessevengables.com---


Nathaniel Hawthorne On Beacon Hill contains an account of the corrupt Judge Jaffrey Pyncheon, based upon Judge Royall Tyler, in "The House of the Seven Gables"---Hawthorne's literary reconciliation of crimes committed against his wife Sophia's family.


Dr. Robert Wesselhoeft became the evil figure in the tale "Rappaccini's Daughter" because Hawthorne considered him to be a villain, following an excessively invasive treatment of his wife Sophia. William Wesselhoeft, the hydropath's brother, was the Hawthorne family doctor.


Elizabeth Hunt Palmer, who lived and died here in Brattleboro with her daughter Mary Palmer Tyler, was the model for Nathaniel Hawthorne's character Hepzibah Pyncheon in The House of the Seven Gables.


Una Hawthorne in Brown's Woods recalls Una's visit here in May, 1868, when she was engaged to Storrow Higginson. Una's letter to Storrow is a botanical description of the Rev. Addison Brown's Woods, from Chase Street to the Chestnut Hill pond---following in the footsteps of Henry David Thoreau's walk here in 1856.


Hawthorne And Melville is another fine chapter from "Nathaniel Hawthorne: Studies in The House of the Seven Gables".


Dr.JohnWilson,Circa1842DaguerreotypeByT.Covil.jpg

Dr. John Wilson

T. Covil Daguerreotype About 1842

Owned By Amasa Buckman

Kept Faced Toward A Wall


Dr. John Wilson, Captain Thunderbolt contains research about the reformed highwayman called Captain Thunderbolt, who had a L500 price on his head in Great Britain in the starvation year 1816.

Dr. Gardner C. Hill, George Norman Smith, Collections Display, Benjamin A. Crown Photograph.jpg

Folding Abscess Lancet, Foreign Body Eye Spud, Spectacles

Horn Shield Fleam, Tweezers-Ear Scoop, Reading Or Surgical Glass


Sinners in the Hands of An Angry God is the title of the famous execution and hellfire sermon by the Rev. Jonathan Edwards---his response to the particularly lurid, prolonged, and violent events against the slaves in colonial New York throughout the summer of 1741. Several prominent New York men who were active in "the New Yok Negro Riots" were also involved in the land development that became Brattleboro.


_____________________________________________________________________________


NathanB.Williston'sHouse,MainStreet,April30,1850DrawingByHenryE.Brewster.jpg

Nathan B. Williston's House

Drawn By Henry E. Brewster On Tuesday, April 30th, 1850

One Door North Of The Williston Stone Building

Main Street, East Side, Looking North-West


The Henry E. Brewster Diary was generously contributed to this website by Tom Hoffman. Henry Brewster was the adopted nephew of Caroline Brewster, Mrs. Nathan Birdseye Williston. The Diary describes Brattleboro during 1850-1851 from the view of an active and alert youngster.


_____________________________________________________________________________


Main Street 1865, Central Store, Hall's Long Building.jpg


Brattleboro Historians


Credit is required, by name, for the real historians of Brattleboro, for those who did the real work and research. This list is partial, and mindful for those not present---


James Henry Elliot
William Henry Wells
Henry Burnham
Dr. James Conland


Maj. Frederick W. Childs
Abby Estey Fuller
Henry M. Burt
Hon. Hoyt Henry Wheeler


Joseph Steen, Esq.
Stephen Greenleaf, Jr.
Hon. James Elliot
Charles Kellogg Field, Esq.


Gen. John Wolcott Phelps
Rev. Joseph Chandler
Rev. James Eastwood
Harry R. Lawrence


Charles C. Frost
Hon. James M. Tyler
Charles F. Thompson
Rev. Nathaniel Mighill


Col. William Austine
Gov. Levi K. Fuller
William H. Bigelow
Larkin G. Mead, Esq.


Grace Bailey Dunklee
Charles R. Crosby
Rev. Harry R. Miles
Mary Palmer Tyler


Rev. Charles O. Day
Franklin H. Wheeler
Dr. Joseph Draper
Starr Willard Cutting


Rev. Addison Brown
Gov. Frederick C. Holbrook
William E. Ryther
Hon. Kittredge Haskins


Daniel B. Stedman
Charles E. Crane
Rev. Lewis Grout
Hamilton B. Childs


Hon. Broughton Davis Harris
Charles N. Davenport
Timothy Vinton
Annie L. Grout


Rev. John C. Holbrook
Daniel Stewart Pratt
Rev. Hosea Beckley
Rev. Frank T. Pomeroy


Benjamin Hall
Rev. George Leon Walker
Thomas C. Mann
Samuel Storrow Higginson


Lafayette Clark


_____________________________________________________________________________


Road To Vernon, Sign 38, Bridge.jpg

Road To Vernon


_____________________________________________________________________________


Alvan Fisher


Alvan Fisher, Painter.jpg


AlvanFisher,1830,Brattleboro,Vermont.jpg

Alvan Fisher, "View Of Brattleboro" 1830

From Sketches During July-August 1829

Edward Sanborn's Class For Theorem Painting

Brattleboro Messenger, June 26, 1829 Advertisement


Edward Sanborn's School, Summer 1829, Theorem Painting Advertisement.jpg


Alvan Fisher was possibly teaching at Edward Sanborn's private school for two months. His skill with decorating carriages and finishing commercial signs would be welcome in any class for the traditional American folk art of stencil painting.


_____________________________________________________________________________


Thomas M. Easterly


Thomas M. Easterly, Circa 1845 Daguerreotype, Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg

Brattleboro From Wantastiquet

Thomas Easterly, Daguerreotype Taken 1844-5


Thomas Martin Easterly was born in Guilford, Vermont to Tunis and Philomela Easterly on October 31, 1809. Easterly first taught calligraphy and penmanship, residing in Montpelier, Vermont from October 1835 through the following April, with customers such as E. P. Walton.


With an extensive practice by 1838, and teaching practical business handwriting chiefly at the blackboard in the High School Hall in Brattleboro, Easterly bought a house in November 1839 just north of the mill pond at lower Main Street, that he sold finally in September 1841 to the papermaker Nathan Woodcock.


ThomasMartinEasterly,Daguerreotype1845,VermontAsylumForTheInsane,Brattleboro.jpg

Thomas Martin Easterly, Daguerreotype 1845, Vermont Asylum For The Insane


Thomas Easterly then learned the daguerreotype process in New York, possibly with Charles and Richard Meade, and spent 1844 in New Orleans in business. He returned to Brattleboro in 1845, taking his views from the summit of Wantastiquet, but by October he was established in Iowa, soon taking daguerreotypes of Plains Indians.


Thomas M. Easterly, May 25, 1842 Writing Classes Advertisement.jpg


In frontier St. Louis, Missouri, Easterly opened a daguerreotype studio on the corner of Fourth and Olive Streets, near where the St. Louis Arch stands today. His mastery of the daguerreotype is apparent even in his earliest known works.


Thomas M. Easterly, Daguerreotype June 18, 1847 Lightning Over St. Louis, Missouri.jpg

Daguerreotype of a Streak of Lightning

taken June 18th 1847 at 9 o'clock P. M. By T. M. Easterly

St. Louis, Mo.


Thomas M. Easterly, Daguerreotypist, Circa 1865.jpg

Thomas M. Easterly In 1865


_____________________________________________________________________________


Daguerreotypist John L. Lovell


John Lyman Lovell, Self Portrait Daguerreotype, 1855, Cutler's Block Studio, Brattleboro, Vermont.JPG

John Lyman Lovell

Self Portrait In Daguerreotype 1855

Silver-Plated Copper Base, 1/6 Plate Size

Taken At His Cutler's Block Studio On Main Street

Courtesy Of Gunter Mueller, VinimagePlus, vinimageplus.com


John L. Lovell, January 1856, Four Month Illness Ad.jpg

Vermont Phoenix, January 26, 1856 Advertisement


In May 1856 John L. Lovell took an ambrotype glassplate view of Brattleboro from a location about one-third of the way up Wantastiquet. This ambrotype was engraved by John H. Bufford, Lithography, 313 Washington Street, in Boston. John Batchelder of Boston published this lithograph for sale in August 1856.


Brattleboro, May 1856, Vernon Road, Reed's Hill, Canal Street.jpg

Reed's Hill, Vernon Road, Canal Street

Lithograph,FromAmbrotype,May1856,JohnL.Lovell.jpg

Lithograph Taken From May 1856 Ambrotype By John L. Lovell

Centre Congregational Church, Unitarian Church, Central School


John Lovell's ambrotype here shows the Centre Congregational Church with its chapel built in 1854 and its horse sheds in back, with its steeple still placed within the church, ten years before the tempest that toppled it. Also seen is the Universalist Church, and the Central School.


The Asahel Clapp house, the Connecticut River boathouse, and the narrow track that became Grove Street, are all captured by the lens and the long glassplate exposure which ambrotype required in 1856.


Another detail shows the Central School, and north from it the residence of Daniel P. Kingsley, which was later owned by Phillip Wells, then by Gen. John W. Phelps. Ferdinand Tyler's house stands next north. Asher Spencer's house stands at the corner of Walnut Street, with poplar trees nearby---


NorthMainStreetArea,May1856.jpg


John H. Bufford Lithograph, After John L. Lovell Ambrotype, May 1856 View Of Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg


BradleyFarm,PutneyRoad,Asylum,May,1856,JohnBatchelderLithograph,JohnLovellAmbrotype.jpg

John H. Bufford Lithograph - May 1856 - John L. Lovell Ambrotype

Bradley Farm, Asylum Cemetery Woods, North Main Street, Asa Keyes House


Years later this lithograph was described with all the changes that had taken place in over thirty years---


---Frost & Proctor's window has this week the focus of a good deal of interest. The reason was the appearance there of an old lithograph of Brattleboro, John Batchelder artist, and published by the Buffords in 1856. It shows a very small village as compared to the present. Esteyville was a pasture, Prospect Hill, "Spauldings Pine Woods" as it was called then, a forest, the Chapin district of couse was open, there was no Oak street, no Grove or Tyler, or Brook, or Forest or Frost streets, no Harris Place, not a house on Terrace street and only five houses in all that section between Walnut and North Main streets, no houses on High street or Western Avenue north of the Unitarian parsonage, nothing in all that section now occupied by Mechanics Square, only two on Birge street, nothing where the Estey shops, the Smith & Hunt and the Carpenter works now stand, nothing but four houses on Flat street, no Episcopal church, no gas house.


The village consisted of the Canal and Clark street, the Elliot, Green and High, and the Main and North Main street districts with little tendrils running out Chase and Walnut streets. One of the prominent landmarks in those days was the "bowling alley" kept by Josh Clark and set on stilts 25 or 30 feet high on the river bank, about back of the Congregational church, and reached by a stairway from Main street. In those days our moral sentiment couldn't tolerate such a resort and it had to get into New Hampshire jurisdiction.


Another interesting relic is a slave driver's whip, which a runaway negro presented to the late Chas C. Frost in the days before the war. Mr. Frost, who was an ardent abolitionist, kept a sort of station for the "underground railway," and the fugitive slaves, being lodged at Greenfield, would be forwarded to him, he would feed and lodge them and pay their way to the next friend north. It was a work that had to be conducted very secretly, and few citizens knew much about it even then; but large numbers of the unfortunates were befriended by him in this way.


Windham County Reformer, May 22, 1891.


Main Street, 1854, Daguerreotype By John L. Lovell.jpg

Main Street 1854

Daguerreotype By John L. Lovell


John Lyman Lovell instructed his student George Harper Houghton in the art of the daguerreotype for three years, beginning in 1852. George Houghton's well-known photograph of Main Street looking north was taken a decade later, with the camera placed in the upper-floor window of the large brick house of Anthony Van Doorn, seen at the left in Lovell's 1854 daguerreotype.


The large house at the right was built by Elihu Hotchkiss late in the eighteenth century. His nephew, Elihu Hotchkiss Thomas---Brattleboro's first daguerreotypist---may have sold his images by "the pencil of nature" here, beginning in March 1841, or at his brick shop six rods south from the Whetstone bridge---


Elihu Hotchkiss Thomas, March 25, 1841, First Dagruerreotypist In Brattleboro.jpg


John Lyman Lovell eventually sold his premises to Jeremiah D. Wells and Frederick N. Kneeland of Northampton, Massachusetts, praising their skill and gentlemanly manner.


Main Street, Brattleboro, John L. Lovell Daguerreotype 1853.jpg


John L. Lovell, 1853 Daguerreotype, Reed's Hill Area From Main Street.jpg

Reed's Hill Seen From Main Street


Main Street, 1853, John L. Lovell Daguerreotype, Signs Detail.jpg


John L. Lovell, February 9, 1855, Stereoscope Photographs.jpg


_____________________________________________________________________________


Caleb Lysander Howe


Caleb Lysander, Howe Cabinet Card.jpg


View West From Brattleboro Common, Lithograph After Photograph By Caleb L. Howe, Published 1861.jpg

View West From Brattleboro Common

Caleb L. Howe Photograph, Attributed To 1854

Lithograph By Fred Meyer & Co., N. Y. 1861


Lithograph 1861 After Caleb L. Howe Photograph In Detail, Vermont Asylum For The Insane, Gardens.jpg

Asylum Gardens


Mary A. Butterfield, Daughter To Franklin And Mary Holland, Civil War Era, C. L. Howe Photograph.jpg

Mary A. Butterfield

Married January 10, 1867 To Lucien A. Elmer


Mary Butterfield was the daughter of Franklin Butterfield and Mary Holland, who lived on a farm on Wickopee Hill in Dummerston. C. L. Howe's photograph shows the "woman of quiet, gentle nature".


Vermont Asylum For The Insane, After Caleb L. Howe Photograph.jpg


Caleb L. Howe & Sons Photograph, Circa 1880.jpg

Caleb L. Howe & Sons Photograph July 1879

Baptist Church With North Tower Only

St. Michael's Episcopal Church

Centre Congregational Church With New Chapel

Gravel Pit Above Railroad Tracks

Woman Walking South Along Meadow Lane, Later Oak Street

Old High School, Far Right, Wing On South Side


CalebLysanderHowe,SteelEngraving.jpg


John C. Howe.jpg

John C. Howe


_____________________________________________________________________________


George Harper Houghton


GeorgeHarperHoughton,SelfPortrait,Brattleboro,Vermont.jpg

Self-Portrait


George Harper Houghton, 1861 Civil War Camp In Brattleboro, First Vermont Volunteers.jpg

Civil War Camp At Brattleboro In 1861

First Vermont Volunteers

George Harper Houghton, In Detail, Photographer


GeorgeHarperHoughton,MainStreet,CivilWar,GlassplatePhotograph.jpg

George H. Houghton's Late 1866 Photograph


George Houghton's Main Street Photograph takes a well-known 1866 glassplate negative photograph which shows the view north from the Anthony Van Doorn house, and enlarges different areas within it to reveal its heretofore hidden, magnificent details---


GeorgeH.Houghton'sAutumn1866Photograph,Brattleboro,Detail.jpg


August 26, 1864


GeorgeHoughtonsMainStreet26August1864.jpg

Celebration For The Seventh Vermont Regiment

August 26, 1864

George Houghton's Photograph


The regiment arrived in Brattleboro at 11 o'clock A. M. on the 26th of Aug. It formed in line and marched through Main street to the field at the north end of the village, where it was reviewed. . .After the speech, the regiment was marched back to the Town Hall, where it was welcomed to a collation by the town of Brattleboro. . .


Vermont Phoenix, September 2, 1864.


This photograph shows the flags at the Town Hall, the Revere House, the Brattleboro House, the old Steen's Corner, and in the foreground, the hitching posts, rail and chain link fence bordering the St. Michael's Episcopal Church yard. Also seen here are men and boys in various activities, including a young player on the recorder, the harp, or the penny whistle.


BoysWithStackedMuskets.jpg


SeventhRegimentMainStreet26August1864.jpg

Revere House, Brattleboro House, Steen's Corner


George Harper Houghton is remembered for his photographs taken during the Peninsular Campaign in Virginia, in the War Between the States, following the 2nd Vermont Regiment to Camp Griffin in November 1861, and to Wolf Run Shoals in April 1863.


In Brattleboro, Houghton photographed scores of veterans during June 1864 with the return of the 8th Vermont Regiment to Brattleboro, during August 1864 with the Seventh Vermont Regiment, in September 1864 with the Fourth Vermont Regiment, and for years before---


_____________________________________________________________________________


MeetingHouseHillCemetery,December30,2011,Brattleboro,Vermont.jpg

Meeting House Hill, Round Mountain


Thomas St. John


Thomas St. John, April 21, 2005.jpg



_____________________________________________________________________________


Picture Gallery


Plaza Square, Hotel Billings.jpg


Fort Dummer, Fieldstone Foundation, 1724, Northwest Corner, 1976 Excavation.jpg

Fort Dummer Site, Fieldstone Foundation, Northwest Corner

Walter Harrington Excavation At Low Water


Vermont Asylum For The Insane, Stereoscope, J. G. Lawrence, Publishers, 1880-1890.jpg

Vermont Asylum For The Insane

Stereoscope, J. G. Lawrence, Northampton, Massachusetts


Albert E. Thurber, Baker, Main Street 1887.jpg


Elliot Street, North Side, East From Church Street.jpg

Elliot Street, North Side, East From Church Street


Farmers And Mechanics Block, Elliot Street.jpg

Elliot Street, North Side


Valley Fair, Main Street, Dapple Grey Horses With Wagon.jpg

Dapple Grey


Arthur B. Clapp & Comapny, Caleb L. Howe & Sons.jpg

Arthur B. Clapp & Co., Wholesale Jewelry, Williston Block

Mortar And Pestle Sign

Caleb L. Howe & Sons, Clock At 9:19 A. M.


Street Lamp, Hotel Brooks.jpg


Brooks House, Stereoscope, Caleb L. Howe & Sons.png

Caleb L. Howe & Sons Photograph After 1878

A. B. Clapp & Company, Newton I. Hawley Fancy Goods

Iron-Hooped Watch At 9:19 A. M.


Connecticut River From Walnut Street, 1914, Round House, Boy On Bench, Girl On Rail, Horse And Cart.jpg

Connecticut River From Walnut Street 1914


Main Street, Brattleboro, Wagon, Centre Congregational Church.png


Brattleboro Crowd On Whetstone Rocks 1869.jpg

Whetstone Brook After The Flood In 1869


Little River Bridge In 1908 On Cribbing.jpg

Low Tide At Little River 1908

Bridge On Jacks And Cribbing


Main Street, 1918, Library, Post Office, Unitarian Church.jpg


Man With Meerschaum Pipe At Whetstone Falls After 1869 Flood.jpg

Man With Meerschaum Pipe At Whetstone Falls After 1869 Flood


Edward Crosby & Company, Flour & Feed, Train Under Steam.jpg

Edward Crosby & Company, Flour & Feed


Coach Before George H. Clapp's House, St. Michael's Episcopal Picket Fence.jpg

Coach On Main Street Near George H. Clapp's House

St. Michael's Episcopal Church Picket Fence


North Bound, Summer 1913, Two Gas Houses.jpg

The Northbound


Island Park Pavilion, Bridge, Gas House, 1915 E. J. Fenton Company.jpg

Sunrise Over Wantastiquet 1915

Horse And Wagon Before Marble And Granite Works At Right


Old Railroad Station.jpg


Ranslure W. Clarke.jpg

Ranslure W. Clarke, Esq.


John Strong House, Marlboro, Later Melrose Seminary, Brattleboro, Fire 1896.jpg

John Strong House 1794

Melrose Seminary 1847

Two Doors East From West Brattleboro Baptist Church


Horse And Sleigh, Corner Bridge And Main Streets, 1907.jpg

Winter Sleigh 1907


Hotel Brooks, Pickwick Coffee Shop 1930s.jpg


Connecticut River Bridge, Pavilion.jpg

Connecticut River Bridge


The Brooks Library In 1891.jpg

The Brooks Library In 1891


Edwin Davis, Brattleboro Preacher, One Sixth Daguerreotype.jpg

Rev. Edwin Davis, Universalist Pastor

West Brattleboro 1851-1852


Main Street Parade, Ambrose Knapp, Hats, Clothing Sign.jpg


Lower Main Street, George E. Selleck, Frank G. Howe, Tyler Block.jpg


Brattleboro Academy, November 4, 1833, Asa Boyden Receipt.jpg

Asa Boyden's Receipt To The Brattleboro Academy


Panoramic View Of Brattleboro, Vermont, 1917, Henry Barreuther.jpg

Panoramic View Of Brattleboro, Vermont, 1917

Henry Barreuther, Photographer


Albany Cafe, Whetstone Block, 1917, Barber Shop Pole, Samuel Wells Grocery And Fish Market, Vinton Paper Mill Storage Buildings.jpg

The Whetstone Block In 1917

Albany Cafe, Andrew L. Hamilton, Proprietor

Prudent Ratte's Barber Shop With Striped Pole

Samuel Wells Grocery And Fish Market

William H. Vinton's Paper Mill Storage Buildings

Laborer With Shovel By Wagon, Trench In Street


Brattleboro 1917 Lower Main Street.jpg

The Park Building

Wilder Farm Products Company

Edward R. Lynch, M. D.

The Hoadley Hotel, James A. Hoadley, Furnished Apartments

Park Drug Store, Telephone 210

Confectionary, Demetro Latchis, Candy Kitchen

Mens' And Womens' Apprarel, Barney S. Michaelman, Israel I. Michaelman

Pianos, Musical Merchandise, Luther H. Barber


Brattleboro On Whetstone 1917.jpg

Bridge Street In 1917

Louis H. Stellman & Son

Brattleboro Manufacturing Company Machine Shop

Coca-Cola Sign At Far Left


Main Street, 1907, Red Trolley.jpg

Red Trolley 1907

Goodnow, Peason & Hunt Awning


Elm Corners In Early Autumn, Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg

Elm Corners In Early Autumn


David A. Henry, Whetstone Falls In Winter.jpg

David A. Henry, Stereoscope View

David Henry lived on South Main Street, two doors from Washington Street.


Congregational Meeting House On The Common 1806, District School 1833, Chase Street School 1857.jpg

First Meeting House On Brattleboro East Village Common In 1806

District No. 2 School In 1833

Chase Street School In 1857


Windham County Bank Note, One Dollar, Green.jpg


Windham County Bank Note, Three Dollars, Red Gem.jpg


First Train Arrives In Brattleboro, Vermont Phoenix, March 16, 1849.jpg


Former John Birge Furniture Warehouse, The Yellow Building, 1856.jpg

Former John Birge Furniture Manufactory, The Yellow Building

McClellan's Atlas Illustration 1856


Pines On Road Near Cascade Brook 1906.jpg

Road Near The Cascade Brook 1906

The Original Old County Road

Now Completely Wooded Over


The old county road in Fort Dummer times went up Cotton Mill Hill several hundred feet east of the present lower end of Cotton Mill Hill Road, which was constructed in 1914. The writing on this post card reads, "Can you recall the times you have taken a walk here alone or".


Carriage Before Frank W. Harris Place, Main Street.jpg

Adjusting The Off Wheel

Main Street In Front Of Frank Harris House

Larkin G. Mead's House, Center


Rev. Charles Orrin Day, Centre Congregational Church.jpg

Rev. Charles O. Day

Centre Congregational Church


Asahel Clapp House, Woolworth's, W. T. Grant Company.jpg

Asahel Clapp House, Chevrolet Bel Air 1956, F. W. Woolworth, W. T. Grant

Carleton Allen Photograph


Dr. David Carley, Advertisement, December 8, 1854.jpg

Dr. David Carley

At The Sign Of The Good Samaritan, Elliot Street

Vermont Statesman Advertisement 1854


North Main Street, Linden Street, Brattleboro, 1910.jpg

North Main Street In 1910


Burnside Military School, Cadets, Front Lawn.jpg

Burnside Military School

Judge Samuel Wells House At Far Left


Edward J. Carpenter, Windham County Periodical Depot, Bookseller, Librarian.jpg

Edward J. Carpenter

Windham County Periodical Depot, Bookseller, Librarian


Engine Brattleboro, Vermont Valley Railroad, Brattleboro Depot 1869.jpg

Vermont Valley Rail Road

Engine "Brattleboro" In 1869


Suspension Bridge, High Water, 1909.jpg

Suspension Bridge At High Water In April 1909


Main Street, A. B. Clapp & Company, Brooks House.jpg


From Henry M. Burt's 1874 Guide Through The Connecticut Valley To The White Mountains.jpg

First Baptist Church

From Henry M. Burt's 1874

Guide Through The Connecticut Valley To The White Mountains


Old Woolen Mill, Whetstone Brook, Old Civil War Pest House.jpg

Woolen Mill Built In 1847

Elliot, Union, Williams, Flat, Birge Streets

Former Civil War Pest House In Foreground Used As Bleachery


Connecticut River Bridge, May 1902.jpg

Connecticut River Bridge In May 1902

Large Pines In Prospect Hill Cemetery


Connecticut River Log Jam, 1908, Brattleboro, View From The Hinsdale Bridge.jpg

Loggers' Camp On The Island About 1907

Tents, Fire Smoke

View From The Bridge


Depot Street, 1921, Brattleboro Vermont.jpg

Depot Street On The Connecticut River 1921

Two Rowboats Moored At Railed Dock


New Steel Bridge, Round Gas House, Warehouse On Depot Street, Bridge Street, 1921.jpg


Depot Street, Benjamin A. Crown Photograph.jpg

Benjamin A. Crown Photograph

Depot Street About 1913


Granite Block, 1840, Woodblock Engraving, Main Street Brattleboro.jpg

Granite Block, Main Street 1840


Bridge Street, Depot Street.jpg


Looking Down Bridge Street Toward Depot Street In 1869.jpg

Looking Down Bridge Street In 1869

Valley Mill Company, William Dutton's Obelisks, Estey Factory

Carriage Works On Lower Canal Street


Brattleboro Main Street, Carriages, View North.jpg


Brattleboro, Engine, Vermont Valley Railroad, At Depot, Crew.jpg

Engine "Brattleboro" 1869

Vermont Valley Railroad


WhetstoneInSummer,CharlesC.FrostHouse,OldBaptistChurch,BrattleboroMelodeonCompany.jpg

Whetstone In Summer Seen From The Crib Dam

Charles C. Frost House


Covered Bridges, Island, Summer Day.jpg

Covered Bridges On The Island


Old Road To Guilford, Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg

Old Road To Guilford


Flat Street, Circa 1909.jpg

Flat Street About 1909


Bert Poole, Esteyville, Circa 1883 In Detail.jpg

Albert "Bert" F. Poole, Lithographer

Esteyville, In Detail, Circa 1883-1884


Centre Congregational Church, Brattleboro, Main Street, Brown Steeple.jpg

Centre Congregational Church


Main Street 1905 From Town Hall Looking South.jpg

Town Hall 1905

Ornamental Quoins, Porte Cochere, Williston Block Windows


Dr. Arms D. Putnam, Dentist.jpg

Dr. Arms D. Putnam

Dentist


Picnic In A Park.jpg

Picnic In A Park In Brattleboro

American Flag At Top Left Center


Samuel Dutton.jpg

Samuel Dutton


First Baptist Church 1906 Post Mark.jpg

First Baptist Church In 1906


Wells Fountain.jpg

Wells Fountain In 1905


Creamery Bridge In Winter, George A. Briggs, Wholesale And Retail Drugs.jpg


Main Street, First Baptist Church, Francis Goodhue House.jpg

First Baptist Church, Francis Goodhue House


Main Street Summer Day Parade.jpg


Repairing Centreville Dam.png

Repairing The Centreville Dam 1869


Ozias L. Miner, Farmer.jpg

Ozias L. Miner

His Farm Is Now Living Memorial Park


Old High School Lawn, Circa 1900.jpg

Old High School About 1900

Clapp & Jones Company Post Card


Vernon Road, Broad Brook Covered Bridge, Near Brattleboro.jpg

Covered Bridge Near Broad Brook On The Vernon Road


Elm Street Bridge.jpg

Elm Street Iron Bridge In 1911

Albert W. Rockwell, Herbert S. Sherwin

Rockwell & Sherwin's Carriage And Sleigh Manufactory

Bridge Opened On Saturday, May 26, 1888.


Captain William S. Brooks.jpg

Captain William S. Brooks

Oil On Canvas, About 1832, By Joseph Wheeler


UpperForestStreet,1911,PorterC.ThayerPhotograph,ManOnPorch.jpg

Upper Forest Street

Photograph 1911 By Porter C. Thayer

Used By Permission From Porter Thayer Collection - University Of Vermont


Elm Trees On Western Avenue, Near Allerton Street, July 21, 1958.jpg

Western Avenue, Near Allerton

July 21, 1958


WesselhoeftWaterCure.jpg

Wesselhoeft Water Cure


FrankHarris,LarkinG.Mead,Houses,EastSide,MainStreet.jpg

Frank Harris House, Larkin G. Mead House, Main Street East Side


Connecticut River And Suspension Bridge, Detroit Pulishing Company, Phostint.jpg


MainStreet,1865,LateWinter,EarlySpring,TempestDestroyedCentreChurchSteeple.jpg

Main Street, Early 1865


WillisBemis'ExpressOffice,Dr.CharlesChapin'sHouseFormerlyGardnerC.Hll1826,JospehGoodhueHouse.jpg

Willis Bemis' Express Office In 1865

Formerly Jonathan Hunt's Law Office

Gardner C. Hall's House Built 1826, Dr. Charles Chapin's Residence


Willis Bemis's Express Office, Formerly Jonathan Hunt's Law Office.jpg

The Willis Bemis Express Office, Corner Main Street And High Street In 1865

Formerly The Law Office Of Jonathan Hunt


Willis Bemis Express Office, 1865, Corner Main Street, High Street.jpg


ChurchOnTheCommon1816DedicationSermon.jpg

Church On The Common 1816 Dedication Service


Creamery Bridge, Limit 16,000 Pounds.jpg


Rutherford Hayes Tavern, Western Avenue, Bearded Man Seated On Bench, Horse And Buggy.jpg

Rutherford Hayes Tavern


West River Bridges.jpg

West River Bridges

Walk Your Horse


_____________________________________________________________________________


The Vermont Phoenix


When the proprietors and editors of the fledgling Vermont Phoenix newspaper moved into their Main Street offices in 1834, they named their enterprise after the building's former residents---the Phoenix Lottery.


PhoenixLottery30March1826Tickets3dClass.jpg


The name of the Phoenix Lottery came from the notion that if you hit the lottery, then your splendid new life would rise from the ashes of your old life---just like the fabled phoenix rises anew every five hundred years from its own nested pyre, fretted with rue and cinnabar.


vermontphoenix.jpg

Vermont Phoenix, Thursday, April 16, 1846


_____________________________________________________________________________


FirstRailroadStation,1849,ThomasChubbuckEngraving.jpg

First Railroad Station 1849

Thomas Chubbuck Engraving


WhetstoneFalls,JacobEsteyFactory,FromD.A.HenryPhotograph.jpg

Lithograph From D. A. Henry Photograph


ElliotStreetChapelAsLiveryStable1876.jpg

Henry C. Nash's Livery Stable

Elliot Street

Former "Chapel On Elliot Street"


MainStreetHill,CornerElliotStreet.jpg


MainStreet,1907,CentreCongregationalChurch,WillistonBlock.jpg

Centre Congregational Church, Williston Block 1907


Main Street, Near Elliot Street, View North.jpg


Main Street From Town Hall, Circa 1920.jpg

Main Street In 1923


View From South Main Street Hill To Connecticut River.jpg

South Main Street Hill

Steam Train Northbound


AmericanHouse,LowerMainStreet,Circa1907.jpg


Valley Fair Sign, September 24th To 26th, 1907, Main And Bridge Streets.jpg

Man Leaning Forward Reading Billboard Sign In 1907


Valley Fair Grounds, 1911, Grand Stands, Race Track.jpg

Valley Fair Trotting Race 1911


Samuel Clark, Crayon Portrait.jpg

Samuel Clark

Crayon Portrait


Wood Road, Morningside, Brattleboro, Vt., Published By W. R. Geddis.jpg

Wood Road, Morningside In 1912

Raphael Tuck & Sons, Publishers


This Indenture.jpg

From The Old Brooks Library

Indenture Deed For Thomas Everett, John Drummond, Ralph Etwall

Dated June 11, 1792

In Original Frame


Thomas Everett, Signature June 11, 1792, This Indenture.jpg


John Drummond, Signature June 11, 1792, This Indenture.jpg


Old Brooks Library, This Indenture.jpg


This Indenture made the Eleventh day of June in the thirty second year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred ninety two


Thomas Everett and John Drummond were Members of Parliament, Ludgershall, County of Wiltshire. Ralph Etwall was an attorney from Andover who held corporate posts of bailiff, town chamberlain, and town clerk.


_____________________________________________________________________________


EnricoMeneghelli,ItalianInterior,LoudCollection,BrooksLibrary,ChristineHart.jpg

Enrico Meneghelli, Italian Interior

From The Charles A. And Henrietta M. Loud Collection, Brooks Library


Bridge Over Connecticut To Chesterfield, N. H., 1937, Published By Baker's.jpg

Chesterfield Road Over Connecticut River In 1937


_____________________________________________________________________________


JohnBurnham'sBrassFoundry,Daguerreotype1856CalebLysanderHowe.jpg

John Burnham's Brass Foundry

Caleb Lysander Howe Photograph

1856


John Burnham made brass pumps for the new-fangled windmills, and fashioned coin silver spoons from Spanish-milled dollars---six dollars to the spoon. From a nugget discovered in Williamsville in Newfane, Burnham cast a gold ring.


The shadows on the front of the building show that the sun is almost directly overhead on a summer day. Had Caleb Howe capped the lens five minutes later, the shadow falling from the roof eave would have dropped, to reveal the words painted on the lower part of the board.


_____________________________________________________________________________


Hall'sLongBuildingDuring1873-1883.jpg

Hall's Long Building


LowerMainStreet,1907.jpg

Lower Main Street In 1907


Creamery Bridge, Summer Day, 1950's.jpg

Tichnor Brothers, Boston, Post Card


CreameryBrige,Brattleboro,InAutumn.jpg


WhetstoneInWinter,CribDam,FrostMeadows,OldBaptistChurch,BrattleboroMelodeonCompany.jpg

Whetstone In Winter

Charles C. Frost's House On Flat Street


MainStreetLookingNorth,LewisR.Brown,Detail.jpg

Main Street At Ten Forty-Five

Groceries - Meats

Lewis R. Brown


ChristopherColumbus,FourHundredth,October21,1892,RepublicanClub.jpg

Columbus Day Parade, Friday, October 21, 1892

Advance Of The School Division

Republican Club Banner For Benjamin Harrison And Whitelaw Reid


MainStreet,Brattleboro,During1873-1883.jpg

Isaac N. Thorn's Gilt Mortar And Pestle Pharmacy Log Pole Sign


Artifact,WindhamCountyNamesList.jpg

Windham County Artifact

Thirty-two Inches In Height

Possibly From A Windham County Fair


ElliotStreet,Circa1873-March1877.jpg

Elliot Street, Circa 1873 To March 1877

Charles L. Spears Dining Room


BrooksHouseBalconyView,CentreCongregationalChurch,GeorgeClappHouse.JPG


Orchard Street, 1910 Brattleboro Post Card.jpg

Orchard Street 1910


Crosby Milling Company Elevator, Boston & Maine Railroad Cars, Benjamin A. Crown Photograph.jpg

Crosby Grain Elevator, Boston & Maine Railroad Cars

Bridge Street About 1913

Benjamin A. Crown Photograph


LarkinG.MeadHouse,Horse,JohnBurnham'sFoundry,NorthMainStreet.jpg

Larkin G. Mead House, Horse, John Burnham's Foundry


Island,1869Flood,1868LandslideOnWantastiquet.jpg

Flood In 1869 Dismantles The Hinsdale Bridge

Wantastiquet Rockslide In 1868 Provides Rattlesnake Dens


Wantastiquet Carriage Road, Post Marked April 23, 1906.jpg

Carriage Road Down From The Summit

Post Card Photograph

Authorized By Act Of Congress Of May 19, 1898


EsteyOrganFactory,Neighborhood,PostCard.jpg

Estey Organ Company, Birge Street


Charles R. Simonds, Public Coupe Business, 1894.jpg

Charles R. Simonds' Public Coupe In 1894

Possibly On The Brattleboro Common


Canal Lock.jpg

Canal Lock


Adin French Styles Stereoscope View In Detail From Prospect Street.jpg

Adin French Styles Stereoscopic View From Prospect Street


FrancisGoodhue,Distillery,November10,1826.jpg


Francis Goodhue Residence, Main Street.jpg

Francis Goodhue Residence


ElliotStreet,CircaSummer1864-October1869,Wood&Kathan,OrionClarkBarberShop,SycamoreTree.jpg

Elliot Street, Circa Summer 1864 To Summer 1869

Orion Clark's Barber Shop At Right


Main Street Horse Auction, Probably Chamberlain Stables.jpg

Horse Auction, After 1884

Isaac N. Thorn's Mortar And Pestle Drugs Sign At Corner


Wells Memorial, Fountain Square, North Main Street, Linden Street.jpg

Wells Fountain On A Summer Day


Child Sitting At Wells Fountain.jpg


Main Street, Brattleboro, Vermont.jpg

Centre Congregational Church Clock Reads 2:24 P.M.


Entrance,BrattleboroFreeLibrary,1905.jpg

Brattleboro Free Library, 1905


F.W.Kuech,E.E.Perry,F.W.Woolworth,HuntressAdams,MainStreet,Wheeler'sStoneBuilding.jpg

Benjamin Crown's Main Street Photograph Series, Spring 1918

Frederick W. Kuech & Co., Ernest E. Perry & Co.

F. W. Woolworth & Co., Huntress-Adams & Co.

Milk Wagon


MainStreet,BenjaminCrownPhotograph,May1918,Shorey,Fenton.jpg


Wood Block Engraving, Circa 1860, Prospect Hill.jpg

James Capen House, Far Left, And Prospect Hill Cemetery

Detail From Wood Block Engraving, 1860


BenjaminCrownPhotograph,May,1918,WarDraftees,BrattleboroDrugCo.,DriveSlowlyToTheRight.jpg

Summoned Windham County Draftees

Benjamin Crown Photograph, May 1918

Brattleboro Drug Co.

Drive Slowly To The Right


GraniteBlock,109MainStreet,F.W.WoolworthCo.,May,1918.jpg

Benjamin Crown's May 1918 Photographs In Detail


BridgeOverConnecticut,Brattleboro.jpg


_____________________________________________________________________________


MainStreetHill,September30,1909,ValleyFairDays.jpg

Valley Fair Days

September 30, 1909


LowerMainStreet.jpg


Charles W. Cleaveland, No. 7 Main Street, Cigars, Tobacco, Confectionary, Soda

Elbert C. Hall, No. 9 Main Street, Hall's Restaurant, James A. Hoadley, Proprietor

Telephone 85-M

George H. Denyew, No. 30 Main Street, Barber

John A. Larrow, No. 32 Main Street, Barber

Outdated Forty-Five Star Flag


Eliza's Brook, Fishing Pool, 1920's.jpg

Eliza's Brook


Linden Lodge In 1909.jpg

Linden Lodge In 1909


FirstSteamAutomobileInBrattleboro,ClarkeC.Fitts,ValleyFairParade,LindenStreet.jpg

Clarke C. Fitts In Waverly Runabout

Three Horse Power, License Plate No. 632

First Electric Carriage In Brattleboro

Maud L. Emerson, Daughter Miriam Clarke, Clarke Fitts Driving

Valley Fair Parade 1909, Linden Street


_____________________________________________________________________________


West River Railroad Bridge Building.jpg

West River Railroad Bridge Building


Family Portrait With Farmhouse And Elm Tree.jpg

Family Portrait


Elm Tree Swing.jpg


New Connecticut River Bridge, Flour Mill.jpg


Ted'sMarket,SouthMainStreet.jpg

South Main Street


_____________________________________________________________________________


Table Of Contents


Antiques & Fossils



RevereHouseCoachPoleWagonChildren.jpg

Photograph By George Harper Houghton In Autumn 1866


_____________________________________________________________________________


Cemeteries



Brattleboro1830.jpg

C. Barnard's Map No. 5 For The United States Army Corps Of Engineers 1830


_____________________________________________________________________________


Churches, Sermons & Ministers



RevereHouseSignBeforeMarch1877,CenterDesignSays1850.jpg

Revere House Sign

Photograph By George Harper Houghton In Autumn 1866


_____________________________________________________________________________


Main Street, Pharmacy Pole, Hall's Long Building.jpg


Connecticut River & Wantastiquet



JohnDouglasWoodward,WhetstoneBrook,Drawing,1873,ForBoxwoodBlockEngraving.jpg

John Douglas Woodward

Drawing For Boxwood Block Engraving 1873


_____________________________________________________________________________


Customs, Music & Misadventure



AmedeoDeAngelis1915.jpg

Amedeo DeAngelis Shoe Parlor 1915


_____________________________________________________________________________


Early Settlement



hallslongbuilding.jpg

"At the Sign of the Tall Pole"

East Side Of Main Street 1868


_____________________________________________________________________________


Farms



NorthMainStreetArea,May1856.jpg

North Main Street Area, May 1856

Central School, John Wolcott Phelps House, Ferdinand Tyler House


_____________________________________________________________________________


Houses And Buildings



BridgeStreet,LowerMainStreet,CanalStreet,SouthMainStreet,ProspectHill.jpg


_____________________________________________________________________________


Literary



Cheney&ClappBooksStationeryFancyGoodsMusicPictures.jpg

January 1872 Advertisement


_____________________________________________________________________________


Main Street



View From Prospect Hill, Circa 1860, Wood Block Engraving.jpg

"History and Description of New England: Vermont"

Austin Jacobs Coolidge and John Brainard Mansfield

Boston: Austin J. Coolidge, 39 Court Street, Press of Geo. C. Rand, 1860.


_____________________________________________________________________________


Medicine



SurgeonGeorgeFGale.jpg

Dr. George Frederick Gale


_____________________________________________________________________________


Merchant & Manufacture



Wood Block Engraving, Circa 1860, Prospect Hill.jpg

James Capen House At Left, Prospect Hill Cemetery, 1860 Engraving


___________________________________________________________________________


People



Hall'sLongBuilding,WidePlankSidewalk.jpg

Hall's Long Building


_____________________________________________________________________________


Plants & Animals



GraniteBlock,SemiWeeklyEagle,September,1850.jpg

Engraving From Semi-Weekly Eagle September 1850


_____________________________________________________________________________


Schools



HoughtonHorseManWagon.jpg

Main Street

George Harper Houghton, Photographer


_____________________________________________________________________________


Slavery



TheodoreHTaylorStore1849.jpg

Theodore H. Taylor's Drug-Hardware-Grocery Store

Hall's Long Building 1849

Formerly The Post Office


_____________________________________________________________________________


Taverns & Roads



Buddington&BrotherGristMill,BridgeStreet,1860.jpg

Buddington & Brothers Grist Mill


_____________________________________________________________________________


War


JohnWolcottPhelps,CabinetCard.jpg

John Wolcott Phelps

Cabinet Card By Caleb Lysander Howe



FourthVermontRegiment,Saturday,September24, 1864,BrattleboroHouse.jpg

Fourth Vermont Regiment Returns Saturday, September 24, 1864


BrigadierSurgeonEdwardEPhelps.jpg

Brigadier Surgeon Edward Elisha Phelps

Surgeon In Charge

Military Hospital At Brattleboro, Vermont


CivilWar1906MonumentWithFlagEnclosure.jpg

Civil War Monument On Original 1906 Location With Flag Enclosure

Horse Paddocks And Sheds In Background


ClockFaceInsideSteeple,CentreCongregationalChurch.jpg

Clock Face Inside Steeple, Centre Congregational Church


CharlesA.Tripp,WatchSign,MainStreet.jpg

Sign Of The Watch And Spoon


MainStreet,HighStreetCorner,Horse,Wagon.jpg

Corner Main And High Streets

Baptist Church, Fountain, Stone and Wood Post Fence


RevereHouseSign,Photograph,Autumn1866,GeorgeH.Houghton,Detail.jpg

Photograph By George Harper Houghton In Autumn 1866


LeviA.Dowley'sHouseBuilt1855AsylumStreet,Photograph1953.jpg

Levi Austin Dowley's 1856 House On Asylum Street


RoadThroughPines,NorthFromCascadeBrook,LaterCottonMillHill.jpg

Road Through Pines North From Cascade Brook


CanalStreet,CarriageShop,UnitarianChurch.jpg

Canal Street

Carriage Shop, Unitarian Church


MaryHowe,BrattleboroPageant,1912,AfterSinging,Home,SweetHome.jpg

Mary Howe, Brattleboro Pageant, 1912

After Singing "Home, Sweet Home"


ChesterfieldBridge,Brattleboro,Vermont.jpg

Chesterfield Suspension Bridge


MainStreetAtNight,1928.jpg

Night In Main Street 1928


LindenStreet,WellsFountain,PutneyRoad,1904.jpg

Linden Street, 1904


MainStreet,1869,TowardCentreCongregationalChurch.jpg

Main Street 1869


EmilyM.Nichols,Mrs.DenslowM.Stockwell,1839-1911.jpg

Emily M. Nichols, Mrs. Denslow M. Stockwell


ViewTowardProspectHill,FromLowerMainStreet.jpg


WestRiverNearEatonPlace.jpg

West River Near The Connecticut River

Site Of Indian Rock


RailRoadArchedBridge,Train,Crew,WhetsoneBrookReflections.jpg


CentreCongregationalChurch,September11,1927,EsteyOrganDedication.jpg

Centre Congregational Church

Estey Organ Dedication Sunday, September 11, 1927


CentreCongregationalChurch,EsteyOrgan.jpg


MainStreetParade,Flags,Wagons,BrooksHouseBalcony,NIHawley.jpg

Memorial Day Parade, May 30, 1891, Arrival At The Town Hall

Forty-Three Star Flags, Estey Guard Detachment Presenting Arms


"The heavy rain of Friday had brightened the foliage and grass, making everything fresh and beautiful, and though the morning of Memorial day was threatening, it cleared away and the afternoon was pleasant."


UnitarianChurch,Before1917.jpg


Croquet.png

Croquet Game


BrattleboroReformer,1907,ComposingRoom.jpg

Brattleboro Reformer Composing Room 1907


Willis Bemis, Express Office, Main And High Street Corner.png

Willis Bemis Express Office

David A. Henry Photograph


Express Office, Baptist Church, D. A. Henry Stereoscope.jpg


View Of Brattleboro, D. A. Henry, Photographer.png

Canal Street, Clark Street

David A. Henry Photographer


Dr.EdwardLynchHospital,GroveStreet,1906.jpg

Dr. Edward R. Lynch

Hospital On Grove Street 1906


Thompson Memorial Hospital.jpg

Thompson Memorial Hospital In 1909


Red Trolley, Main Street 1907.jpg

Main Street 1907


Brooks House Tower, 1876, Beers Atlas Engraving.jpg

J. B. Beers Atlas 1876


Guilford Street Bridge 1917.jpg

Creamery Covered Bridge In 1917

Before Adding The Pedestrian Walkway

Iron Rod Buttresses Below Deck Level


Canal Falls, W. R. Geddis Post Card.jpg

Canal Falls


-


-


-


-


-


_____________________________________________________________________________


The Old Grist Mill, Duck Pond, Brewster Massachusetts, Laura Burnham Hainsworth.jpg

The Old Grist Mill

Brewster, Massachusetts, Cape Cod

Photograph By Laura Burnham Hainsworth Of Pittsfield, Massachusetts


Barbara St. John, Bernardston Railroad Stone Arch Bridge, May 21, 2014.jpg


Bernardston, Massachusetts Stone Arch Bridge, Wednesday, May 21, 2014.jpg


-


-


-


-


-


-


-